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Dr. Mackintosh is professor of preventive medicine at the University of Glasgow. He has long been interested in mental health and has identified himself with the groups which are doing work in that field. Part I deals with the impact of war; part II, with mobilization for peace.
During the "process of adjustment" (1939-1940) there was an increase in mental stress due to mobilization and evacuation. Rapid social changes, stress brought about by uncertainties, breaking up of homes, placing of men in new positions to which many could not adjust, increased strain from long hours, unhealthy conditions brought on by blackouts, lack of recreation, shortage of food and favoritism brought on a sharp increase in severe attacks of illness, notably of rheumatism and ulcers. The anxiety of adults was passed on to children. Evacuation, though efficiently done except that human elements were omitted, was harmful to the minds of children.
The War and Mental Health in England.. Am J Dis Child. 1944;68(4):294. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1944.02020100066027