ACUTE infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and tuberculosis have been always the two largest medical problems in Manchuria. The latter disease has apparently increased within recent years, as happens everywhere during and after wars. But since some measures against tuberculosis had been effectively undertaken, it began to diminish, at least in some places. The most remarkable results were obtained by the South Manchuria Railway Company, which employed a staff of 100,000 Japanese and 300,000 Chinese persons. They succeeded in the course of one year in reducing the number of new cases of tuberculosis to one third of the former incidence.
Along with several other preventive measures, inoculation with Calmette-Guérin vaccine was adopted, because its use had recently become popular in Japan proper and it has played an important role there in the control of tuberculosis.
The axillar method of inoculation with the vaccine, a report of which has recently
YAMAOKA Y, OKAYASU K. COMPARSION OF AXILLAR AND INTRAPERITONEAL INOCULATION WITH CALMETTE-GUÉRIN VACCINE. Am J Dis Child. 1947;74(6):703–706. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1947.02030010721004