Author Affiliations: Departments of Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Landrigan); and Department of Pediatrics, Primary Children's Medical Center, University of Utah, and Institute for Healthcare Delivery Research, Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, Utah (Dr Srivastava).
Hospitalists—physicians focusing on the care of hospitalized patients—first appeared on the landscape of American health care in 1996.1 In the ensuing 16 years, hospital medicine has become the fastest growing specialty in the United States.2,3 Hospitalists are now found caring for hospitalized children and adults in large and small hospitals across North America. When pediatric hospitalist systems first began to emerge, hospitalists' roles were largely clinical, filling a gap in the care of hospitalized children that had grown during the prior decades as pediatric hospitalization became at once less common and more complex. The introduction of pediatric hospitalist systems was consistently associated with significant efficiency advantages,4 likely owing to hospitalists' familiarity with hospital systems and to their clinical expertise in hospital medicine.
Landrigan CP, Srivastava R. Pediatric HospitalistsComing of Age in 2012. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(8):696-699. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.484