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Pediatricians have a long and distinguished history of advocating for children. From its founding in 1888, the American Pediatric Society has publicly advocated for the development of new knowledge for the care of infants and children including a special emphasis on preventive medicine.1 In 1921, pediatrician members of the American Medical Association supported federal legislation (the Sheppard-Towner Act) that was designed to develop prenatal care services for poor women and health services for poor children. Because the American Medical Association strongly opposed this federal program, the pediatricians decided to form their own organization dedicated to the health of all children—the American Academy of Pediatrics.2
Denne SC, Hay WW. Advocacy for Research That Benefits ChildrenAn Obligation of Pediatricians and Pediatric Investigators. JAMA Pediatr. 2013;167(9):792-794. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.2769