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May 1941


Am J Dis Child. 1941;61(5):915-927. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1941.02000110003001

Hemiplegia of infancy has usually been noted first at the time the child began to walk, and it has generally been stated by parents and physicians that they had noted nothing wrong with the baby prior to this time. On the other hand, in the vast majority of instances there has been nothing in the recent past history of the infants to suggest that damage to the nervous system had occurred just prior to the first observation of the hemiplegia. In a large clinic devoted to the care of patients with motor disturbances other than poliomyelitis, there have appeared recurrently children with hemiplegia on whom a diagnosis of brachial palsy had been made. This mistake has been so constant as to suggest a real medical misapprehension; the diagnosis of brachial palsy had been made in the first half of infancy, only to have the cerebral nature of the disorder become