Michaud et al1 discuss experimental behavior in adolescence and touch on an important point but do not consider its implications. They talk of "Health Imperialism" and state that certain behaviors—formerly considered illegal or immoral—"are now considered to reflect ill health." Thus, deviant behavior causes illness; social responsibilities in pathogenesis are ignored.
Fischer H. "Bet You I Will" Risk. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1998;152(9):930. doi: