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The Pediatric Forum
May 2002

The Prevention of Toddler Iron Deficiency

Author Affiliations

Copyright 2002 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.2002

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002;156(5):519. doi:

I believe that the current screening and treatment recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have been inadequate and have failed to prevent iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) in a notable number of 1- to 2-year-old children. Eden and Mir1 recently reported a 10% IDA prevalence in 1- to 2-year-olds and 2 subsequent studies2,3 showed 11.5% and 8% rates. Iron-deficiency anemia during the first 2 years of life has been shown to be associated with impaired mental and psychomotor development.4 These deficits have proven to be long lasting despite correction of the anemia; thus, every attempt must be made to prevent IDA during this critical period.

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