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Childhood injury is a serious public health problem in the United States and around the world. Unintentional injuries, while preventable, are a leading cause of death among children worldwide.1 Many nonfatal unintentional injuries require hospitalization or result in disabling conditions that could have a significant impact on a child’s long-term health and well-being.1,2 Inflicted or intentional injuries resulting from child maltreatment, self-harm, interpersonal violence, war, and conflict are also serious concerns in pediatric populations.3 Psychological trauma often co-occurs with these experiences and is a significant risk factor for poor developmental, behavioral, and health outcomes.4
Maholmes V, Tamburro RF, Jenkins TL. Toward a Research Agenda on Pediatric Trauma and Critical Illness. JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(1):7-8. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2740