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August 2016

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Report on BullyingOverview and Recommendations

Author Affiliations
  • 1Seattle Children’s Research Institute, Seattle, Washington
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle
  • 3Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  • 4School of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(8):727-728. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1474

Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior directed at an individual or group of individuals who hold or are perceived to hold less power than the perpetrator and is highly likely to be repeated multiple times.1 Although bullying behavior has been around for decades, if not millennia, it has only recently been recognized as causing both immediate and long-term harm to youth.2 In May 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine released Preventing Bullying Through Science, Policy, and Practice.3 This report represents a consensus study conducted by the Committee on the Biological and Psychosocial Effects of Peer Victimization: Lessons for Bullying Prevention, which was created under the National Academies’ Board on Children, Youth, and Families and the Committee on Law and Justice. This consensus report highlights key gaps in knowledge concerning bullying, along with evidence-based recommendations aimed at reducing the burden associated with this critical public health issue.

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