Sleep problems occur frequently in children. Multiple studies have demonstrated that 20% to 30% of children complain of difficulties related to sleep. Although many of these problems are either behavioral difficulties and/or bad habits, there is a subset of serious and treatable sleep disorders in infants and children. The examples of such disorders include central and obstructive apnea, which, unless recognized and treated, can lead to death. Physicians who care for children with sleep-related problems or excessive daytime sleepiness must be familiar with the appropriate studies and tests that help in the diagnosis and proper use of consultation for management and treatment of these problems, in addition to being adept at history-taking, physical examination, and differential diagnosis.
Atlas of Sleep Medicine in Infants and Children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1999;153(12):1312. doi:10.1001/archpedi.153.12.1312