A resolution, introduced by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the American Psychiatric Association (APA) at the 1998 American Medical Association (AMA) annual meeting, asked the AMA to work in conjunction with state and local medical societies and all appropriate specialty organizations to review existing seclusion and restraint guidelines and coordinate the development of updated national guidelines for the safe and clinically appropriate use of seclusion and restraint techniques with children and adolescents.
Brown RL, Genel M, Riggs JA, Council on Scientific Affairs, American Medical Association. Use of Seclusion and Restraint in Children and Adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000;154(7):653-656. doi:10.1001/archpedi.154.7.653