As a private practice pediatrician in Florida for 25 years, I have been confronted with the tragedy of pediatric drowning and near drowning all too often. I have researched pediatric drowning-prevention methods, including swimming instruction. I served as the medical advisor to the State of Florida's Aquatic Safety Advisory Committee from 1992 to 1994. Almost all programs that came before that committee could be considered “formal” as defined in Brenner and colleagues' study.1 However, the safety and effectiveness of these programs varied greatly.
Carr WD. Formal Swimming Lessons Must Be Defined. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163(10):961-962. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.184