ALTHOUGH the nonsuppurative forms of thyroiditis are rather well known and clearly recognized, acute suppurative thyroiditis is much less often encountered in either children or adults. The rarity of this condition is indicated by the fact the present case is the first such observed at the Babies and Childrens Hospital, Cleveland, since it opened, in 1932, and that Young1 observed only four cases during a period when 2,900 thyroidectomies were performed.
In 1939, Greenfield and Curtis2 reviewed the subject and reported a case that subsequently developed laboratory evidence of decreased thyroid function, as indicated by a rather crude measurement of the blood iodine content. A few other cases have been reported since.* Antibiotic therapy offers the possibility of specific treatment of this disease, and modern tests of thyroid function can be used to measure the effect of acute suppuration upon the ability of the gland to trap iodine
LEVY RP, KRAMER JC. RECURRENT ACUTE THYROIDITIS. AMA Am J Dis Child. 1954;88(1):81-83. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1954.02050100083010