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January 1955

JUVENILE DELINQUENCYAn Over-All View

Author Affiliations

BERTRAM M. BECK; NEW YORK
Commissioner of Health, City of New York (Dr. Baumgartner), and Director, Special Juvenile Delinquency Project, United States Children's Bureau (Mr. Beck).

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1955;89(1):62-69. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1955.02050110078012
Abstract

THE NATURE OF THE PROBLEM

JUVENILE delinquency increased again in 1953 for the fifth consecutive year and is now at an all-time high. An estimate made from the report of juvenile courts throughout the country received by the Children's Bureau puts the number of children brought to the courts because of delinquency * in 1953 at about 435,000, exceeding the previous high of 400,000 cases dealt with in a single year during World War II.

The increase in delinquency cases for the five-year period 1948-1953 was 45%.

Increase in Delinquency.—Another aspect of the problem is that less densely populated areas of the country seem to be experiencing as sharp or even sharper increases than the national average. The courts serving jurisdictions of less than 100,000 persons showed an increase of 41% between 1948 and 1952, compared with a 29% increase for the nation as a whole. The increase for 1952-1953 was

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