June 1957

Papilledema and Pseudotumor Cerebri Following Poliomyelitis

Author Affiliations

From the neurosurgical services of Sinai Hospital and Mount Carmel Mercy Hospital.

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1957;93(6):640-646. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1957.02060040642007

Development of papilledema during the convalescent stage of poliomyelitis is a rare occurrence, and it is not generally recognized as a late complication of the disease. In 1951 Weiman, McDowell, and Plum1 reported five such cases developing among 106 cases of acute anterior poliomyelitis treated at New York Hospital in the years 1949 and 1950. In their report nine additional cases had been collected from the literature in which this complication appeared to have developed. The present report concerns the occurrence of this complication in two additional patients who suffered from poliomyelitis during the seasonal incidence of 1955 in Detroit and the gratifying prompt response of this complication to subtemporal decompression.

Report of Cases  Case 1.—A 12-year-old boy was admitted to Sinai Hospital, Detroit, on Oct. 2, 1954, complaining of headache, vomiting, and double vision during the previous week. Two months earlier, on July 27, 1954, after a considerable

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