Development of papilledema during the convalescent stage of poliomyelitis is a rare occurrence, and it is not generally recognized as a late complication of the disease. In 1951 Weiman, McDowell, and Plum1 reported five such cases developing among 106 cases of acute anterior poliomyelitis treated at New York Hospital in the years 1949 and 1950. In their report nine additional cases had been collected from the literature in which this complication appeared to have developed. The present report concerns the occurrence of this complication in two additional patients who suffered from poliomyelitis during the seasonal incidence of 1955 in Detroit and the gratifying prompt response of this complication to subtemporal decompression.
Report of Cases
Case 1.—A 12-year-old boy was admitted to Sinai Hospital, Detroit, on Oct. 2, 1954, complaining of headache, vomiting, and double vision during the previous week. Two months earlier, on July 27, 1954, after a considerable
GASS HH. Papilledema and Pseudotumor Cerebri Following Poliomyelitis. AMA Am J Dis Child. 1957;93(6):640-646. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1957.02060040642007