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June 1963

IV. The Louisiana Epidemic

Author Affiliations

Epidemic Intelligence Service Officer, CDC PHS USDHEW, Instructor, Departments of Preventive Medicine and Pediatrics, Emory University, School of Medicine, Atlanta (Dr. Boris); Recipient of Lederle Faculty Award (Dr. Shinefield), Assistant Professor of Medicine (Dr. Ribble), and Professor of Pediatrics (Dr. Eichenwald), Cornell Medical College; Director, Division of Laboratories (Dr. Hauser), Epidemiologist (Dr. Caraway), Louisiana State Board of Health.; Henry R. Shinefield, MD, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, The New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, 525 E 68th St, New York, NY.; From the Department of Pediatrics, The New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, The Louisiana State Board of Health, Communicable Disease Center, Public Health Service, United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Atlanta, and the Department of Preventive Medicine and Pediatrics, Emory University, School of Medicine, Atlanta.

Am J Dis Child. 1963;105(6):674-682. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1963.02080040676018

Introduction  Definition of Terms: A glossary of terms used in the present publication is included in a previous paper.1In the previous papers of this series, the results of two controlled investigations were reported, one carried out in a hospital nursery in Cincinnati2 and the other in Atlanta.3 Both studies demonstrated that the phenomenon of bacterial interference could be employed on a practical scale to prevent newborn colonization with hospital strains of staphylococci.However, because of low disease rates encountered among control infants in the Cincinnati study and the occurrence of a high incidence of spontaneous cross-infection with Staphylococcus aureus strain 502A in the Atlanta nursery, additional observations seemed desirable. Neither one of these factors affected the validity or the interpretation of the data; nevertheless, it was felt that another series of observations under different conditions would be of value.During March, April, and May of 1962,

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