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May 1964

Malnutrition and the Eye.

Am J Dis Child. 1964;107(5):545. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1964.02080060547026

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Ocular changes in states of malnutrition were and are important indicators of the disease process that involves the entire organism. Although nutritional deficiencies have become rare in the United States, they persist in many countries for which this monograph is a timely and valuable medical contribution. It is estimated that still approximately 20,000 children go blind every year throughout the world from xerophthalmia alone. But besides vitamin A deficiency, many other nutritional deficiencies lead directly or indirectly to impaired vision or blindness. Nutritional amblyopia which cannot be related to deficiency of a well-defined nutritional factor ranks second in importance to vitamin A deficiency. The eye is also endangered by toxic substances and metabolic disorders. In addition to thorough discussions of human nutritional eye diseases, the volume contains valuable chapters on examination of the eye in the evaluation of the nutritional status, on world health problems, on nutritional aspects of vision,

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