IN 1964, the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairmen entered into a "Gentlemen's Agreement" concerning applications for first-year residency programs in pediatrics. The agreement, in effect, bound chairmen from making contractural agreements with applicants until Nov 15 for programs starting July 1 of the following year.
The aims of the agreement were the following: (1) to bring about a free and competitive, but orderly, choice between residency applicants and pediatric training centers; (2) to upgrade the internship, since training centers would have access to a meaningful evaluation of candidates' performances before deciding upon appointments; and (3) the long-term benefits accruing from the circumstance that residents had been free to accept programs of training which they considered to be the best obtainable. Ninety-five percent of those responsible for pediatric residency programs in medical schools agreed to abide by this commitment in 1965 to 1966.
The experience of this "Gentlemen's Agreement"
Calcagno PL. National Pediatric Residency Matching Program. Am J Dis Child. 1968;116(5):534-536. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1968.02100020538015