A 3-year-old patient with the rubella syndrome was studied by cardiac catheterization and cineangiography and was found to have an aneurysm of the left ventricle in addition to a persistent ductus arteriosus and hypoplasia with coarctations of the pulmonary arteries. The ductus arteriosus was ligated and divided, and residual myocardial dysfunction was demonstrated six months after surgery. The aneurysm is considered to be directly related to rubella myocarditis which occurred at an earlier age in association with other areas of myocarditis resulting in a myopathic disorder.
van der Horst RL, Gotsman MS. Left Ventricular Aneurysm in Rubella Heart Disease. Am J Dis Child. 1970;120(3):248-251. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1970.02100080132015