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April 1971

Transient Bacteremia in Pediatric Patients Following Dental Manipulation

Author Affiliations

San Diego, Calif
From the Public Health Service Outpatient Clinic, San Diego, Calif.

Am J Dis Child. 1971;121(4):286-288. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1971.02100150060004

We have attempted to formulate a rational policy for antibacterial prophylaxis in pediatric patients with rheumatic or congenital valvular heart disease prior to dental procedures. We documented the incidence of bacteremia in pediatric patients following a standardized form of dental manipulation. No demonstrable bacteremia was present in the 32 patients included in this study. We believe, therefore, that present recommendations for such antibiotic prophylaxis need revision.