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November 1971

Staphylococcal Pneumonia in ChildhoodLong-Term Follow-Up Including Pulmonary Function Studies

Author Affiliations

Santiago, Chile
From the Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Chile (Drs. Ceruti and Contreras); and the Hospital Roberto del Río (Drs. Ceruti and Neira), Santiago, Chile. Dr. Contreras in now with the Hospital de Niños in Viña del Mar, Chile.

Am J Dis Child. 1971;122(5):386-392. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1971.02110050056004

We studied the long-term prognosis of staphylococcal pneumonia in childhood by examining 36 children 22 to 49 months after the acute episode. We evaluated pulmonary function at rest and during exercise, the incidence of recurrent respiratory tract infections, the progress of growth, and the occurrence of residual roentgenographic abnormalities. Only one patient had chronic bronchitis and localized cylindrical bronchiectasis; the remaining 35 were free from respiratory symptoms or abnormal physical signs. Six children showed moderate decrease in weight in relation to age, but they all had a history of low caloric intake. Lung roentgenograms showed complete resolution of the pneumonia in almost all children. Pulmonary function was normal at rest and during exercise. This study confirms the excellent long-term prognosis of adequately treated staphylococcal pneumonia in children.