Sixteen infants with protracted diarrhea and resultant nutritional failure were treated with intravenous alimentation for periods of 20 to 98 days (mean, 43 days). All infants survived the immediate illness. A variety of enteropathogenic microorganisms were isolated from the stools of seven of 16 infants. Protracted diarrhea in infancy involves a wide variety of lesions affecting any portion of the intestinal tract from the duodenum to the rectum. Intravenous alimentation was effective in correcting the severe nutritional deficiencies in all, although two with chronic inflammatory bowel disease and one with intestinal lymphangiectasia also required surgery. Thirteen of the 16 patients thrived on a commercial formula after intravenous alimentation was initiated. Five patients developed catheter sepsis and recovered with removal of the catheter and antibiotic therapy. Although intravenous alimentation is life-saving, the procedure carries well-defined risks and should not be undertaken unless conservative measures have failed.
Lloyd-Still JD, Shwachman H, Filler RM. Protracted Diarrhea of Infancy Treated by Intravenous AlimentationI. Clinical Studies of 16 Infants. Am J Dis Child. 1973;125(3):358–364. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1973.04160030032006