A 21/2-year-old child with sickle cell anemia developed diffuse osteomyelitis due to Arizona hinshawii and was successfully treated with ampicillin sodium and gentamicin sulfate. This unusual organism is related both biochemically and serologically to Salmonella and has been reported as a cause of human enteric and localized parenteral infection. This is the first report of Arizona osteomyelitis occurring in a patient with sickle cell disease.
Hruby MA, Honig GR, Lolekha S, Gotoff SP. Arizona hinshawii Osteomyelitis in Sickle Cell Anemia. Am J Dis Child. 1973;125(6):867-868. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1973.04160060069016