A child with documented Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection had pulmonary symptoms and features of the Stevens-Johnson syndrome: conjunctivitis, stomatitis, skin eruption, and fever. A pruritic papulovesicular rash was present on the arms, backs of the hands, and in the perianal area. The vesicular lesions were surrounded by an erythematous base and closely resembled the lesions of varicella. Mycoplasma infections should be considered in patients with varicella-like rashes who do not have the typical findings of varicella or who have associated severe stomatitis, conjunctivitis, or pulmonary symptoms.
Lascari AD, Garfunkel JM, Mauro DJ. Varicella-Like Rash Associated With Mycoplasma Infection. Am J Dis Child. 1974;128(2):254-255. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1974.02110270128026