A newly born full-term infant had symptomatic cervicomediastinal hygroma that resulted in immediate postnatal respiratory insufficiency. Although unaccompanied by an obvious cervical component, a presternal cystic extension and space-occupying mass seen on the chest roentgenogram led to a correct preoperative diagnosis. Death was related to bilateral pulmonary hypoplasia, a previously unrecognized complication of cervicomediastinal hygroma.
Csicsko JF, Grosfeld JL. Cervicomediastinal Hygroma With Pulmonary Hypoplasia in the Newly Born. Am J Dis Child. 1974;128(4):557-558. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1974.02110290127022