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Article
February 1977

Effect of Three Ophthalmic Solutions on Chemical Conjunctivitis in the Neonate

Author Affiliations

From the School of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Urbana.

Am J Dis Child. 1977;131(2):159-161. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1977.02120150041008
Abstract

• In an attempt to reduce chemical conjunctivitis after silver nitrate prophylaxis, three different ophthalmic solutions (sodium chloride, sterile water, and a boric acid-sodium borate solution) were used to irrigate the eyes immediately after prophylaxis in 450 neonates. Sterile water significantly reduced (P <.02) the prevalence of chemical conjunctivitis when compared to the conventional sodium chloride rinse. A significantly greater prevalence of chemical irritation in low-birth-weight infants was also noted (P <.02).

(Am J Dis Child 131:159-161, 1977)

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