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November 1977

Ventricular Dilation Preceding Rapid Head Growth Following Neonatal Intracranial Hemorrhage

Author Affiliations

From the Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics and the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery (Neurology), Washington University School of Medicine, and the Division of Neurology, St Louis Children's Hospital.

Am J Dis Child. 1977;131(11):1212-1215. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1977.02120240030006

• We describe two patients in whom ventricular dilation began within a week of neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage and preceded rapid head growth and clinical signs of increased intracranial pressure by days to weeks. The posthemorrhagic ventricular dilation is readily demonstrated in the neonatal period by computerized tomography of the cranium. These data indicate the importance of careful follow-up of survivors of intraventricular hemorrhage, early demonstration of ventricular dilation, and prompt therapeutic intervention to prevent brain injury.

(Am J Dis Child 131:1212-1215, 1977)