February 1981

Home Screening for Urinary Tract Infections in Infants

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington (Dr Randolph), the Department of Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn (Dr Hodson), the Division of Laboratories, Connecticut State Health Department, Hartford (Mr Redys), and the Department of Microbiology, Connecticut State Health Laboratories, Hartford (Mr Cope). Ms Woods is in private practice in Danbury, Conn.

Am J Dis Child. 1981;135(2):122-125. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1981.02130260014005

• In a private practice, 200 parents were trained to collect and culture their infants' urine at home and to interpret the culture after 24 hours of home incubation at room temperature (21 °C). Instruction was brief and confined to one office visit. On succeeding visits, every parent proved able to distinguish "nonsignificant" from "suspect" and "significant" bacteriuria. Subsequently, each of the parents screened his or her own infant for bacteriuria on two occasions. Ninety percent of the 200 infants were in the "nonsignificant" range of bacteriuria, 10% in the "suspect" or "significant" range. Urinary tract infection was detected in six infants (3%); only one infant showed an abnormality of the genitourinary tract. Home screening is simple, reliable, inexpensive, and well accepted by the parents.

(Am J Dis Child 1981;135:122-125)