• During a three-week period, septicemia caused by group B Streptococcus, serotype III, developed in four infants born at a community hospital. The first infant had early-onset disease; late-onset disease that appeared, from epidemiologic data, to be nosocomial developed in the other three infants. Bacteriophage typing and antimicrobial susceptibility testing confirmed the relatedness of the isolates. A prospective study designed to differentiate between vertical and nosocomial transmission of group B Streptococcus showed that of 82 infants, 21 (26%) were culture-positive during their hospitalization, and nine of these infants (43%) had been culture-negative at birth. Although serotype III strains were recovered from four of nine infants with apparently nosocomial acquisition, none of the isolates displayed an antibiogram or bacteriophage type similar to that of the isolates involved in the recent cluster. Bacteriophage typing and antimicrobial susceptibility testing in addition to the use of serotyping may be helpful in epidemiologic studies of group B Streptococcus.
(Am J Dis Child 1981;135:355-358)
Band JD, Clegg HW, Hayes PS, Facklam RR, Stringer J, Dixon RE, Maxted WR, Fraser DW. Transmission of Group B StreptococciTraced by Use of Multiple Epidemiologic Markers. Am J Dis Child. 1981;135(4):355–358. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1981.02130280045015