June 1983

Errors, Types I and II

Author Affiliations

From the Los Lunas (NM) Hospital and Training School and the Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque.

Am J Dis Child. 1983;137(6):586-591. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1983.02140320062014

• The practicing physician and the clinical investigator regularly confront therapeutic trials, diagnostic tests, and other hypothesis-testing situations. The clinical literature increasingly displays statistical notations and concepts related to decision making in medicine. For these reasons, the physician is obligated to have some familiarity with the principles behind the null hypothesis, Type I and II errors, statistical power, and related elements of hypothesis testing.

(Am J Dis Child 1983;137:586-591)