• Congenital anomalies of the larynx are infrequent, though potentially life-threatening, defects with which both pediatricians and otolaryngologists should be familiar. We reviewed the basic stages in normal laryngeal embryology and outlined a scheme for the examination of a neonate with a possible laryngeal abnormality. In particular, symptoms, laryngoscopic appearance, and treatment of the more commonly encountered anomalies should be considered.
Smith RJH, Catlin FI. Congenital Anomalies of the Larynx. Am J Dis Child. 1984;138(1):35–39. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1984.02140390027009