October 1984

Palatal Groove Formation in Neonates and Infants With Orotracheal Tubes

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City (Dr Erenberg); and the Department of Pedodontics, University of Iowa College of Dentistry, Iowa City (Dr Nowak).

Am J Dis Child. 1984;138(10):974-975. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1984.02140480076023

• Long-term use of orotracheal tubes has been associated with palatal groove formation, acquired cleft palate, and defective primary dentition. To determine the incidence of palatal groove formation, maxillary impressions were made of 63 neonates and infants who required orotracheal intubation for one to 62 days. A palatal groove was present in 47.6% of these neonates and infants. The incidence of palatal groove formation increased with a longer use of tubes, being 87.5% in those neonates and infants requiring tubes for more than two weeks.

(AJDC 1984;138:974-975)