• The charts of 111 children with meningomyelocele were reviewed. Ninety-eight had shunted hydrocephalus. Twenty-five of 111 children (24 of 98 children with shunts) had seizures. Age at onset and type of seizure varied. Brain malformation (other than Arnold-Chiari), shunt infection, and perhaps number of shunt revisions were important risk factors in seizure development. The children with seizures were more likely to be developmentally delayed.
Bartoshesky LE, Haller J, Scott RM, Wojick C. Seizures in Children With Meningomyelocele. Am J Dis Child. 1985;139(4):400-402. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1985.02140060082035