• Respiratory complications in four patients with myelodysplasia and the Arnold-Chiari malformation included abnormal control of breathing, upper-airway dysfunction, aspiration pneumonia, and cor pulmonale. Early and prolonged ventilatory support resulted in a favorable outcome in three of four patients.
Oren J, Kelly DH, Todres ID, Shannon DC. Respiratory Complications in Patients With Myelodysplasia and Arnold-Chiari Malformation. Am J Dis Child. 1986;140(3):221-224. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1986.02140170047026