July 1987

Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type I Infection in Neonates

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan (Drs Hara, Takahashi, and Ueda); and the Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima (Japan) University (Drs Sonoda and Kusuhara).

Am J Dis Child. 1987;141(7):764-765. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1987.04460070066026

• One hundred twenty-eight serum samples, collected from infants transfused at the neonatal care unit of Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan, were tested for the presence of antibody to human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) by the enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay and the indirect immunofluorescence test. Three of 128 were positive for anti–HTLV-I antibody. The three seropositive patients had received 62, 82, and 1160 mL of transfused blood. These patients did not receive any transfusion thereafter. In addition, no anti–HTLV-I antibodies were detected in the sera of their mothers and siblings. These data suggested that HTLV-I infection Is one of the transfusion-associated complications in neonates.

(AJDC 1987;141:764-765)