• Cleft uvula occurs in approximately 20% of Athabaskan Indians. The association of cleft uvula with otitis media was examined in a cohort of 175 Apache Indian children followed up prospectively from birth. No association was found between the occurrence of cleft uvula and the rate, frequency, or timing of otitis media attacks.
Fischler RS, Todd NW, Feldman C. Lack of Association of Cleft Uvula With Otitis Media in Apache Indian Children. Am J Dis Child. 1987;141(8):866-867. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1987.04460080052026