• A prospective study was estabblished to determine the significance of the isolation of Gardnerella vaginalls from the vagina in prepubertal children. Two hundred fifty-six children were enrolled. Group 1 consisted of 137 children who had been victims of sexual abuse; group 2, forty-eight children with genitourinary complaints and no history of sexual abuse; and group 3, seventy-one children with no genitourinary complaints and no history of sexual abuse. Gardnerella vaginalis was isolated from 20 patients (14.6%) in group 1 and five (4.2%) of 119 control patients from groups 2 and 3. Within group 1, G vaginalls was more likely to be isolated from children with a history of multiple episodes of sexual abuse than those with a single episode. Gardnerella vaginalls was not associated with any other historical, physical, or laboratory findings, including vaginal erythema or vaginal discharge.
Bartley DL, Morgan L, Rimsza ME. Gardnerella vaginalis in Prepubertal Girls. Am J Dis Child. 1987;141(9):1014-1017. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1987.04460090091036