• A new real-time ultrasound technique was employed to document in vivo the anatomic characteristics of the human nipple during breast-feeding. The study quantifies human nipple deformation and provides a description of the mechanics of normal sucking derived from 16 normal infants aged 60 to 120 days. This in vivo imaging technique has great potential value in the study of feeding dysfunction.
Smith WL, Erenberg A, Nowak A. Imaging Evaluation of the Human Nipple During Breast-feeding. Am J Dis Child. 1988;142(1):76-78. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1988.02150010086031