January 1989

The Diagnosis of Group A, β-Hemolytic Streptococcal Pharyngitis in the Office SettingRapid Latex Test vs Throat Culture

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia (Drs Taubman and McGowan), and Cherry Hill (NJ) Pediatric Group (Drs Taubman and Barroway).

Am J Dis Child. 1989;143(1):102-104. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1989.02150130112027

• We compared a rapid latex agglutination test with cultures of throat specimens to diagnose group A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis in an office setting. The throat cultures were interpreted by two pediatricians independently and evaluated by a reference laboratory. Five hundred seventy-two children participated in the study. The latex agglutination test had a sensitivity of 89.4% and a specificity of 85.7%. Cultures of throat specimens obtained in the office had a sensitivity of 91.9% and a specificity of 91.7% when interpreted by investigator 1, and a sensitivity of 90.0% and a specificity of 95.1% when interpreted by investigator 2. There was no statistically significant difference between the numbers of false-negative results generated by the two procedures. We conclude that although somewhat less specific, the latex test is as sensitive as cultures of throat specimens in the office setting.

(AJDC 1989;143:102-104)