October 1989

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Among AdolescentsCase Surveillance Profiles in New York City and the Rest of the United States

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Epidemiology and Social Medicine (Drs Vermund, Hein, and Drucker) and Pediatrics (Drs Vermund, Hein, and Cary), Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY; the AIDS Program, Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Public Health Service, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Ga (Dr Gayle); and the Division of AIDS Surveillance, New York City Department of Health (Dr Thomas). Dr Vermund is now with the Division of AIDS, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md.

Am J Dis Child. 1989;143(10):1220-1225. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1989.02150220128032

• Adolescents engaging in certain sexual or drug-related behavior are at risk of contracting the human immunodeficiency virus infection in endemic locales. Local and national surveillance data were analyzed to determine the characteristics of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic on adolescents. Of the 605 cases of AIDS in people aged 13 to 21 years reported through 1987, 518 were males (83 from New York City [NYC], NY), and 87 were females (28 from NYC). Over half of all adolescent males with AIDS reported homosexual contact. Transfusion/blood product-related human immunodeficiency virus acquisitions (especially in males with hemophilia) represented 11% of adolescent cases from NYC (1% of NYC adults) and 22% of adolescent cases in the United States (US) outside of NYC (4% of adults in the US). Intravenous drug use was more frequently reported among adolescents with AIDS from NYC (23%) than among adolescents outside NYC (14%). In females, heterosexual transmission accounts for about half of all adolescent AIDS cases and 29% of all adult cases. Age-appropriate services and behavioral interventions are urgently needed for high-risk adolescents.

(AJDC. 1989;143:1220-1225)