[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 54.158.92.239. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Article
October 1990

Associations Between Physical Activity and Physical Fitness in American Children

Author Affiliations

From the School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia (Dr Pate and Ms Dowda); and Macro Systems, Inc, Silver Spring, Md (Mr Ross).

Am J Dis Child. 1990;144(10):1123-1129. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1990.02150340069026
Abstract

• Associations between two measures of physical fitness, 1.6-km run/walk performance and sum of three skinfold thicknesses, and selected physical activity factors were studied in a nationally representative sample of third- and fourth-grade students (1150 boys, 1202 girls). Twenty physical activity variables measured via parent and teacher questionnaires were factor analyzed, and for each of the resultant eight factors, individual factor scores were generated. These were used in two multiple regression analyses in which 1.6-km run/walk time and sum of skinfold measurements were the dependent variables. Multiple R2 for these two analyses were .21 and .18. Significant factors in both analyses were global ratings of the child's activity level, age, vigorous community activities, and gender. The results indicate that physical activity and physical fitness are significantly, although moderately, associated in young children and suggest that interventions directed toward enhancement of physical activity in children are worthy of investigation.

(AJDC. 1990;144:1123-1129)

×