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Article
June 1992

Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity in Normal, Full-Term Newborns Is Not Related to Ductal Closure

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics, Divisions of Newborn Medicine (Dr Batton and Ms Riordan) and Pediatric Cardiology (Dr Riggs), William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Mich.

Am J Dis Child. 1992;146(6):737-740. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1992.02160180097025
Abstract

• Objective.  —To correlate changes in blood flow velocity in the anterior and middle cerebral arteries with closure of the ductus arteriosus in normal, full-term newborns during the first 2 days following delivery.

Design.  —Survey.

Setting.  —Large community hospital.

Participants.  —Twenty-three normal, full-term neonates.

Selection Procedures.  —Volunteer sample.

Interventions.  —None.

Measurements and Results.  —We measured blood flow velocity in the anterior and middle cerebral arteries, cardiac output, and patency of the ductus arteriosus using pulsed Doppler, M-mode, and real-time ultrasound. The initial examination was performed at (mean±SD) 7.6±2 hours and the second examination was performed at 30±3 hours. The systolic, diastolic, and mean blood flow velocity in the anterior and middle cerebral arteries increased significantly from day 1 to day 2. Cardiac output did not change significantly (252±49 vs 279±69 cm3/kg per minute). Thirteen newborns on day 1, but only two newborns on day 2, had echocardiographic evidence of a patent ductus arteriosus. Newborns whose ductus was already closed on day 1 had similar increases in blood flow velocity in the anterior and middle cerebral arteries from day 1 to day 2 compared with newborns whose ductus had closed from day 1 to day 2.

Conclusion.  —The normal increase in blood flow velocity in the anterior and middle cerebral arteries in the first 2 days following delivery is not related to changes in cardiac output or ductal closure.(AJDC. 1992;146:737-740)

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