January 1995

Echocardiographic-Guided Internal Jugular Venous Cannulation in Children With Heart Disease

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Dr Etheridge is currently affiliated with the Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City.

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149(1):77-80. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1995.02170130079018

Objective:  To determine if cannulation of the internal jugular vein (IJV) with echocardiographic guidance increases the success and decreases the complications of the procedure when performed in children with heart disease.

Design:  Twenty-five consecutive pediatric patients with heart disease who underwent IJV cannulation with echocardiographic guidance between September 1986 and March 1992.

Setting:  University hospital referral center serving a fourstate area.

Patients and Other Participants:  Ambulatory patients were admitted for this procedure and then discharged at its completion; others included hospitalized patients. All patients were between the ages of 6 weeks and 21.8 years. All patients underwent IJV cannulation performed by a member of the Pediatric Cardiology Division at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. All patients either underwent heart transplant, and IJV access was obtained to perform an endomyocardial biopsy, or had congenital heart disease, and the IJV was cannulated to perform a heart catheterization. Written consent was obtained either from the patient, if 18 years of age or older, or a parent or legal guardian.

Intervention:  Cannulation of the IJV using echocardiographic guidance.

Main Outcome Measures:  Would IJV cannulation with echocardiographic guidance improve safety and diminish complications of the procedure when performed in pediatric patients with heart disease? We compared the results of our evaluation with published results in which echocardiographic guidance was not used.

Results:  Cannulation of the IJV with echocardiographic guidance was performed successfully on 138 occasions in 25 pediatric patients. There were no lasting complications and no deaths using this method of venous access.

Conclusions:  As in the adult population, IJV cannulation with the assistance of echocardiography increases the success of the procedure and decreases the number of complications. Furthermore, echocardiographic guidance allows for repeated IJV cannulation in pediatric patients, regardless of age.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149:77-80)