To determine whether phototherapy of the newborn's sensitive skin could be a risk factor for malignant melanoma.
Retrospective study from 1973 to 1992.
The Swedish Medical Birth Registry and the Swedish Cancer Registry.
Thirty cases of childhood malignant melanoma and 120 matched controls.
Main Outcome Measures:
Data in birth and cancer reports and from death certificates in Sweden.
None of the patients with childhood malignant melanoma had received phototherapy, in comparison with 11 of the controls. This difference was not significant (P=.08; Fisher exact test).
This preliminary report shows no significant risk of developing childhood malignant melanoma after phototherapy of the skin in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia. However, the median follow-up time was only 18 years.Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151:1185-1187
Berg P, Lindelöf B. Is Phototherapy in Neonates a Risk Factor for Malignant Melanoma Development?A Preliminary Case-Control Study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151(12):1185-1187. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170490011002