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January 1, 2017, Vol 171, No. 1, Pages 3-100

Editorial

The Relevance of Anesthetic Drug–Induced Neurotoxicity

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):e163481. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3481
Original Investigation

Association of Anesthesia and Surgery During Childhood With Long-term Academic Performance

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):e163470. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3470

This cohort study among all children born in Sweden between 1973 and 1993 examines the association of anesthesia and surgery before age 4 years with long-term academic and cognitive performance indexed by school grades at age 16 years and IQ test scores at military conscription.

Association Between Influenza Infection and Vaccination During Pregnancy and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):e163609. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3609

This cohort study examines the association between maternal influenza infection and vaccination during pregnancy and risk for autism spectrum disorder in children.

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):3. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3081
Viewpoint

Inappropriate Opioid Dosing and Prescribing for ChildrenAn Unintended Consequence of the Clinical Pain Score?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):5-6. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2839

This Viewpoint discusses the concept of “pain as a fifth vital sign” strategy as a way to address increased rates of opioid-related adverse events, overdose, and death.

Prioritizing Pediatric Drug Research Using Population-Level Health Data

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):7-8. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3462

This Viewpoint discusses updating the Priority List of drugs requiring further study in children by using population-level health data to address 5 key considerations: the prevalence of disease, patterns of drug use, adverse drug events, drug-drug interactions, and drugs with potential for misuse.

The Complexities of Conducting Research on Child Trafficking

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):9-10. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3532

This Viewpoint discusses the challenges unique to human trafficking studies involving children.

On My Mind

Stayin’ Alive in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):11. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1526

Shorter Wait Times for Autism Intervention Is a Win-Win-Win for Kids, Parents, and Taxpayers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):12-13. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3617

Small Steps Toward Asthma-Friendly School Environments

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):13-14. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3274

Effect of Increased Enteral Protein Intake on Growth in Human Milk–Fed Preterm InfantsA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):16-22. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2681

This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether increased protein intake enhances growth in human milk–fed very preterm infants.

Cost-effectiveness of Wait Time Reduction for Intensive Behavioral Intervention Services in Ontario, Canada

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):23-30. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2695

This cost-effectiveness study models the starting age for intensive behavioral intervention with halved and eliminated wait times and compares reduced wait time and eliminated wait time with current wait time from government and societal perspectives in Ontario, Canada.

Association Between Allergen Exposure in Inner-City Schools and Asthma Morbidity Among Students

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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):31-38. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2543

This cohort study evaluates the association of school-specific aeroallergen exposures with asthma morbidity among students at inner-city schools.

Survival Rates Following Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests During Nights and Weekends

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):39-45. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2535

This national registry-based cohort study reports on whether outcomes after pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrests differ during nights and weekends compared with days/evenings and weekdays.

Protective Prevention Effects on the Association of Poverty With Brain Development

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):46-52. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2988

This secondary analysis of data from the Strong African American Families randomized trial aims to determine whether participation in program designed to enhance supportive parenting for rural African American children ameliorates the association between living in poverty and reduced hippocampal and amygdalar volumes in adulthood.

Association Between Neighborhood Violence and Biological Stress in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):53-60. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2321

This cross-sectional study examines whether the rates of neighborhood violence and reports of domestic violence, as well as the density of liquor or convenience stores, were associated with biological stress in children.

Socioeconomic Disparities in Childhood Obesity Risk: Association With an Oxytocin Receptor Polymorphism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):61-67. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2332

This cohort study examines whether an oxytocin receptor polymorphism interacts with socioeconomic status and tests whether carriers of the A allele of the OXTR gene are most sensitive to the effects of socioeconomic status on anthropometry.

Associations Between Hydration Status, Intravenous Fluid Administration, and Outcomes of Patients Infected With Shiga Toxin–Producing Escherichia coliA Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):68-76. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2952

This systematic review and meta-analysis reports on the association between hydration status, the development and severity of hemolytic uremic syndrome, and the adverse outcomes of individuals infected with Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli.

Review

Evolution of Guidelines on Peanut Allergy and Peanut Introduction in InfantsA Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):77-82. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2552

This review discusses past and current guidelines concerning the timing of the introduction of peanut to reduce infants’ risk of developing peanut allergies.

New Medical and Surgical Insights Into Neonatal Necrotizing EnterocolitisA Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):83-88. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2708

This review examines the literature on necrotizing enterocolitis and compiles current information and methods for medical and surgical management.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

Rash and Arthralgias in a Teenager With Autism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):89-90. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1565

A 16-year-old boy with autism had 4 weeks of progressive bilateral lower extremity edema, ecchymosis, and arthralgias severe enough to prevent ambulation. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

Why Are Prospective Longitudinal Studies Needed in Preterm Behavioral Epigenetic Research?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):92. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2464

Why Are Prospective Longitudinal Studies Needed in Preterm Behavioral Epigenetic Research?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):92-93. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2467

Miscalculation and Errors in Numbers Reported in Table

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):93. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3893
Correction

Addition to Author Affiliations

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):94. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3877

Errors in Reported Numbers in Table 1

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):94. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3944
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Guidelines for Children With Peanut Allergy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):100. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3085
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(1):4. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3082
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