This cohort study among all children born in Sweden between 1973 and 1993 examines the association of anesthesia and surgery before age 4 years with long-term academic and cognitive performance indexed by school grades at age 16 years and IQ test scores at military conscription.
This cohort study examines the association between maternal influenza infection and vaccination during pregnancy and risk for autism spectrum disorder in children.
This Viewpoint discusses the concept of “pain as a fifth vital sign” strategy as a way to address increased rates of opioid-related adverse events, overdose, and death.
This Viewpoint discusses updating the Priority List of drugs requiring further study in children by using population-level health data to address 5 key considerations: the prevalence of disease, patterns of drug use, adverse drug events, drug-drug interactions, and drugs with potential for misuse.
This Viewpoint discusses the challenges unique to human trafficking studies involving children.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether increased protein intake enhances growth in human milk–fed very preterm infants.
This cost-effectiveness study models the starting age for intensive behavioral intervention with halved and eliminated wait times and compares reduced wait time and eliminated wait time with current wait time from government and societal perspectives in Ontario, Canada.
This cohort study evaluates the association of school-specific aeroallergen exposures with asthma morbidity among students at inner-city schools.
This national registry-based cohort study reports on whether outcomes after pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrests differ during nights and weekends compared with days/evenings and weekdays.
This secondary analysis of data from the Strong African American Families randomized trial aims to determine whether participation in program designed to enhance supportive parenting for rural African American children ameliorates the association between living in poverty and reduced hippocampal and amygdalar volumes in adulthood.
This cross-sectional study examines whether the rates of neighborhood violence and reports of domestic violence, as well as the density of liquor or convenience stores, were associated with biological stress in children.
This cohort study examines whether an oxytocin receptor polymorphism interacts with socioeconomic status and tests whether carriers of the A allele of the OXTR gene are most sensitive to the effects of socioeconomic status on anthropometry.
This systematic review and meta-analysis reports on the association between hydration status, the development and severity of hemolytic uremic syndrome, and the adverse outcomes of individuals infected with Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli.
This review discusses past and current guidelines concerning the timing of the introduction of peanut to reduce infants’ risk of developing peanut allergies.
This review examines the literature on necrotizing enterocolitis and compiles current information and methods for medical and surgical management.
A 16-year-old boy with autism had 4 weeks of progressive bilateral lower extremity edema, ecchymosis, and arthralgias severe enough to prevent ambulation. What is your diagnosis?