Bacteria are tiny organisms that live almost everywhere in our environment. There are many hundreds of kinds of bacteria, and some of these can cause infections and lead to illness in humans. Staphylococcus is a name of a group of bacteria that are commonly found on and around humans.
Infections caused by staphylococcal bacteria can lead to a variety of illnesses, including:
Pneumonia: infection of the lungs
Osteomyelitis: infection of the bone
Arthritis: infection of joints
Skin infections, such as impetigo (superficial skin infection) and abscesses (deep skin infection)
One type of staphylococcal bacteria is called MRSA; this stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This name means that this bacterium is not killed by many of the usual antibiotics that are used to treat infections caused by staphylococcal bacteria. This “resistance” to antibiotics has made treating these bacteria more difficult.
You can become a carrier of MRSA through touching an infected person or by sharing personal items. Methicillin-resistant S aureus can live on the skin of people for long periods of time before causing an infection; having bacteria living on you without an active infection is called being “colonized.” Once a child is colonized with MRSA, it can be very difficult to get rid of, and it can be passed to other family members or other children. A study in this month's Archives found that children who were colonized with MRSA were very likely to have someone else in their family also colonized with MRSA.
Work with your child to wash hands frequently or use alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
If your child gets a cut or scrape, use a clean, dry bandage to cover it. These bandages should be changed daily or more frequently if they look dirty.
Do not let your child share towels, washcloths, or other personal items (including clothing) with anyone else. Doing laundry regularly will help ensure that your family's clothing and linens are safe to use.
Frequently clean surfaces that your child touches.
If you suspect that you or your child might have a skin infection, seek treatment early in order to help prevent its spreading to other family members.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/
To find this and other Advice for Patients articles, go to the Advice for Patients link on the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine website at http://www.archpediatrics.com.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The Advice for Patients feature is a public service of Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. The information and recommendations appearing on this page are appropriate in most instances, but they are not a substitute for medical diagnosis. For specific information concerning your child's medical condition, Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine suggests that you consult your child's physician. This page may be photocopied noncommercially by physicians and other health care professionals to share with patients. To purchase bulk reprints, call 312/464-0776.
Moreno MA, Furtner F, Rivara FP. Staphylococcal Infections. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(6):584. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.560