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This Month in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Sep 2012

This Month in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(9):794. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.549

An estimated 17.6% of high school seniors reported lifetime medical use of prescription opioids, while 12.9% reported nonmedical use of prescription opioids, according to McCabe et alArticle.

To identify when youth are most likely to start using prescription pain relievers to get high or for other unapproved indications, Meier et alArticle performed a meta-analysis of large nationally representative samples of US youth. The estimated peak risk for starting extramedical use of prescription pain relievers occurred in midadolescence.

Williams and RibislArticle evaluated the ability of 8 individuals younger than 21 years to order alcohol through the Internet and receive them via delivery. Of the 100 orders placed, 45% were successfully received.

Lee and WhiteArticle found that young men who experienced childhood maltreatment, compared with their counterparts who had not, had a greater risk for violent injuries and death during young adulthood.

Lubans et alArticle evaluated the impact of a 12-month multicomponent school-based obesity prevention program among 357 adolescent girls. The intervention did not significantly reduce body mass index gain.

Temple et alArticle found that 28% of surveyed high school students reported having sent a naked picture of themselves through text or e-mail (sext).

In a population-based cohort study by Li et alArticle of 31 138 children with asthma treated in 146 emergency departments, evidence-based standardized protocols were not associated with hospitalizations, return visits, or follow-up.

Jack et alArticle evaluated the effectiveness of micronutrient Sprinkles alongside infant and young child feeding education compared with education alone on anemia, deficiencies in iron, vitamin A, and zinc, and growth in Cambodian infants. Anemia prevalence was reduced in the intervention arm compared with the control arm by 20.6% at 12 months.

In a city with a low smoking rate (12%) and public smoking bans, Dempsey et alArticle documented 55% exposure among infants and young children, using a plasma biomarker, compared with 13% exposure reported by parents.

Guideline-recommended diagnostic tests were equally poorly used for adolescents with essential hypertension, Yoon et alArticle found.

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