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This Month in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Oct 2012

This Month in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(10):888. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.554

In the follow-up to the randomized trial of the Infant Health and Development Program, McCormick et alArticle found there was no evidence of benefit at adolescence for the younger siblings of participants in the intervention group compared with the siblings of those in the control group.

Bromiker et alArticle found that correction of anemia of prematurity with blood transfusion improved sucking and volume ingested in premature infants who were previously poor feeders.

In this national study of postdiarrheal hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) by Mody et alArticle, early stool collection for E coli O157 culture and Shiga toxin testing increased detection of Shiga toxin–producing E coli strains causing HUS.

Kacker et alArticle used Monte Carlo simulations tracking men and women during their lifetimes and 1-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses to evaluate lifetime direct medical cost and prevalence of male circumcision–reduced infections.

Verlinden et alArticle found that young children's continued exposure to television increases their risk for new externalizing problems.

In a clinical sample, Brown et alArticle found 1 in 4 low-income preschool-aged children screened positive for social-emotional problems.

Gao and PodlogArticle found that children's performance and activity levels in a dance program were higher when given specific performance goals.

To test whether pay for performance (P4P) is effective in improving adolescent substance use disorder treatment implementation, Garner et alArticle assigned 29 community-based organizations to an implementation-as-usual control condition or a P4P condition. Patients in the P4P sites were 5-fold more likely to receive the appropriate treatment.

Stearns et alArticle estimated the cost-effectiveness of a medical office–based preventive oral health program called Into the Mouths of Babes. Repeat oral health visits in medical offices reduced hospitalizations and office visits for dental caries–related treatment.

MeekerArticle provides a review of common endocrine disrupting chemicals, an overview of adverse effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals on child development, and recommendations for future research.