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This Month in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Nov 2012

This Month in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(11):989. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.559

A prospective, observational study by Langhan et alArticle found a large degree of variability in the use of physiologic monitoring modalities for pediatric procedural sedation.

Although a large proportion of children continued to exhibit signs and symptoms of pleural empyema in the month following hospital discharge, Cohen et alArticle found that in most cases, resolution occurred within 12 months.

Smallwood et alArticle found that using Kinect for the Xbox 360 produced higher heart rate, oxygen uptake, and energy expenditure compared with rest and sedentary game play. This equated to an increased energy expenditure of up to 172 kcal · h–1 compared with traditional sedentary video game play.

Using data from the HELENA study, Santaliestra-Pasías et alArticle found that increased television viewing and computer and Internet use during adolescence was associated with higher odds of consumption of sweetened beverages and lower odds of fruit consumption.

Only vigorous physical activity was consistently associated with lower levels of waist circumference, body mass index z score, systolic blood pressure, and increased cardiorespiratory fitness in youth, Hay et alArticle found.

Turchiano et alArticle compared the point prevalences of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components using 2 definitions of MetS. An elevated homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance was much more sensitive than an impaired fasting glucose threshold in identifying metabolic dysregulation.

Bowen et alArticle found that children randomized to the handwashing promotion during their first 30 months of age attained global developmental quotients 0.4 SDs greater than those of control children at 5 to 7 years of age.

Goldfeld et alArticle found that the Let's Read program provided neither the anticipated benefits to literacy and language nor enhanced uptake of literacy activities at 4 years of age.

The belief among mothers that allowing children to sip alcohol can have protective consequences for children ranged from approximately 15% to almost 40%, Jackson et alArticle found, noting also a strong association between parental prosipping beliefs and children's reported alcohol use.

Among adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder, Sterzing et alArticle found the prevalence rates of bullying involvement for adolescents were 46.3% for victimization, 14.8% for perpetration, and 8.9% for victimization/perpetration.