Anhang Price et alArticle found that Strategy for Off-site Rapid Triage for Kids, a decision support tool to translate clinical guidance to help parents determine whether a child with influenza-like illness requires care in an emergency department, proved feasible with high sensitivity but needed improved specificity.
Shah et alArticle studied 200 patients undergoing chest radiography for suspected pneumonia. Ultrasonography had an overall sensitivity of 86%, specificity of 89%, and positive likelihood ratio of 7.8 for diagnosing pneumonia in youth.
In a study to determine the rate of inpatient bariatric surgical procedures among adolescents and to analyze national trends of use from 2000 to 2009, Kelleher et alArticle found the rate increased 3-fold between 2000 and 2003 but not significantly thereafter.
Bylund Grenklo et alArticle found that one-fifth of parentally cancer-bereaved youth reported self-injury, representing twice the odds for self-injury in their nonbereaved peers.
Using a cross-sectional survey, Merikangas et alArticle evaluated the prevalence, demographic and clinical correlates, and specificity of classes of psychotropic medications indicated for mental disorders. Appropriate medication use was found to be more frequent among those treated in the mental health specialty sector than general medicine or other settings.
In a prospective cohort study, Sonneville et alArticle investigated the association between overeating and binge eating and adverse outcomes. Binge eating was associated with overweight/obesity and the onset of high depressive symptoms.
Babcock et alArticle found that 29.3% of pediatric patients treated in the emergency department developed postconcussion syndrome. Important predictors were adolescent age, admission to the hospital, and headache on presentation.
Hilt et alArticle evaluated the Washington State Partnership Access Line program, a telephone-based child mental health consult service for primary care providers, finding that primary care providers nearly always received new psychosocial treatment advice and were more likely to receive advice to start rather than stop a medication.
Berry et alArticle conducted an analysis of 28 US children's hospitals to compare inpatient resource use trends for healthy children and children with chronic health conditions of varying degrees of medical complexity. Between 2004 and 2009, hospitals experienced a greater increase in the number of children hospitalized with vs without a chronic condition.
A study by Levy et alArticle suggested long-term efficacy of a brief intervention for children with functional abdominal pain and their parents to reduce parental solicitousness and increase coping skills.
In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics. JAMA Pediatr. 2013;167(2):107. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.1170